The Gristle

Some Assembly Required

Wednesday, July 12, 2017

SOME ASSEMBLY REQUIRED: With tepid support from policymakers, a jail initiative limps toward the ballot for November. But does unenthusiastic official support for the most expensive proposed capital expenditure in the history of Whatcom County doom the measure at the polls?

Whatcom County Council got their informing documents—their data—all in a rushed jumble on the very day they had to consider placing a .2 percent countywide public safety sales tax for the construction of a large, remote jail and criminal justice center in time for the measure to be printed for the November ballots. The data, and indeed the chaos and emergent pressure under which they had to consider the information, all suggested they needed more time for a more considered proposal and plan moving forward. They did not have the time.

Documents included the draft report from Incarceration Prevention and Reduction Task Force authorized by County Council after the failure of the first jail tax initiative in 2015. The report includes a number of recommendations that could substantially reduce populations in the county jail, including more proactive and coordinated early engagement of the social justice system to help reduce crime and better tools that might permit pretrial release of inmates who pose no threat or danger to the community. Documents also included the long-awaited consultant’s report by the Vera Institute, a national study group dedicated to improving justice systems to ensure fairness, promote safety and strengthen communities. The Vera report delivered data analysis to help understand the current Whatcom County criminal justice system. The two reports reinforce one another’s conclusions, and suggest in dovetailing ways that a warehouse for criminals is a misplaced investment for more than $110 million in public safety sales tax revenues.

In particular, the Vera report identified that controlled substance abuse—including DUI—accounted for the lion’s share of felony and criminal traffic admissions to Whatcom County jail. For gross misdemeanors, the most common admissions were for domestic assaults and petty thefts. Among simple misdemeanors, parole violations. In aggregate, these accounted for nearly 70 percent of jail admissions in the 2016 data set studied by Vera. All suggest poverty and lack of early social support are key considerations to dramatically reducing jail populations in Whatcom County; and few qualify as the sorts of dangerous inmates who require maximum security incarceration.

Even more notably of concern, Vera identified 59 percent of inmates were being held in jail pretrial, “which means they are legally innocent and awaiting resolution of their cases, compared to 24 percent of the jail population that is sentenced,” Vera analysts noted in their report. Contributing immensely to this condition is the inability of many of these inmates to make bail, again another feature of poverty. A third of inmates were being held on less than $1,000 bond. Again, they could be out on bond for minor offenses; they can’t afford to be out on bond.

“Through interagency collaboration and coordination, Whatcom County must address the systemic drivers of jail population growth,” Vera analysts urged in their report. “This is the only effective means of controlling jail growth. Any attempt to ease overcrowding by building a new facility or expanding the current one will not address the underlying causes of population growth, and the new facility will quickly become overcrowded. Criminal justice and community stakeholders must work together to achieve a safe, sustainable, and fair justice system.”

County Council’s divided decision to place the matter before voters is perhaps most heavily influenced by a related split decision that occurred the previous day across the street: The divided vote by Bellingham City Council to join the interlocal Jail Facility Financing and Use Agreement (JFFUA), thereby delivering a support the 2015 sales tax measure did not have—tacit endorsement by all of the county’s cities of the jail plan.

City Council’s vote was perhaps inevitable, given they’d negotiated for—and received—a much better deal as a municipality on the financing and future operations of the jail. Essentially, they’d gotten all they’d asked for that could be delivered within the scope of a JFFUA. And it is unlikely a future county administration and council would be more generous in some future agreement—likely a great deal less generous.

Yet despite some sweetening of the deal for Whatcom’s cities, the plan for a big, expensive, remote new jail is not much different than the the proposal voters rejected in 2015. It is in its major outlines and assumptions the same plan.

City Council had predicated their approval on the JFFUA on the answers to a number of questions they posed to County Council regarding the size and location of the jail, and the county’s dedicated financial commitment to jail alternatives. County Council could not definitively answer most of the city’s questions. But council members from both jurisdictions met to hammer out an answer to the most pressing question, one of financial commitment to social justice alternatives to incarceration.

In principle, the two jurisdictions agreed to invest 25 percent of net public safety sales tax revenue annually, in excess of the obligation for the capital cost of the new jail, to fund these new or expanded incarceration prevention and reduction programs.

The agreement was hammered out by two holdouts on the JFFUA on City Council—Terry Bornemann and Michael Lilliquist—in consultation with three counterparts on County Council. And having negotiated for this and gotten it, Bornemann and Lilliquist could not then reject the agreement, and thus joined their council majority 5 to 2.

“The voters will decide” is the narrative moving forward as electeds wash their hands of the insoluble mess. Indeed voters will, as they did before. And that may well be the full and complete narrative of the election.

Past Columns
Trust Is Reciprocal

July 18, 2018

Pressure in the Bottle

July 11, 2018

Sharing the Pain

July 4, 2018

A Supreme Shifting

June 27, 2018

The Costs of Failure

June 6, 2018

Thumb on the Scales

May 30, 2018

Bungle in the Jungle?

May 23, 2018

Heating Up

May 16, 2018

Home Run

May 9, 2018

State of the County

May 2, 2018

Symptoms of Pain

April 25, 2018

A Last Ditch Effort

April 18, 2018

Much ADUs About Nothing

April 11, 2018

The Sin of Sinclair

April 4, 2018

All Thumbs on the Scale

March 28, 2018

The Boundaries Between Us

March 21, 2018

Dirty Deeds

March 7, 2018

Events
Today
Boating Center Open

10:00am|Community Boating Center

Skagit Tours

10:00am|Highway 20

Bard on the Beach

12:00pm|Vanier Park

Northwest Raspberry Festival

10:00am|Lynden

Skagit Tours

10:00am|Highway 20

Sin & Gin Tours

7:00pm|Downtown Bellingham, historic Fairhaven

Summer of Blood

7:00pm|Rexville Grange Amphitheater

LOL-apalooza

9:00pm|Upfront Theatre

Raspberry Pancake Breakfast

7:00am|Lynden Community Center

Tour de Whatcom

7:30am|Boundary Bay Brewery

Ferndale Breakfast

8:00am|Ferndale Senior Center

Anacortes Farmers Market

9:00am|Depot Arts Center

Mount Vernon Farmers Market

9:00am|Riverwalk Park

Christmas in July Bazaar

9:00am|Bellingham Masonic Center

Twin Sisters Market

9:00am|Nugent's Corner, North Fork Library

Four Democrats seek election in the Skagit

9:00am

Primary Election Forum

9:30am|Bellingham High School

NW Art Beat Studio Tour

10:00am|Skagit County

Blaine Gardeners Market

10:00am|H Street Plaza

Skagit Tours

10:00am|Highway 20

Summer Seersucker Bicycle Ride

10:00am|Gilkey Square

Lynden Farmers Market

10:00am|Centennial Park

Lummi Island Saturday Market

10:00am|Islander Grocery Store

Bellingham Farmers Market

10:00am| Depot Market Square

Correspondence Club

10:30am|Mindport Exhibits

Downtown Market Walk

11:00am|Downtown Bellingham

Street Food Saturdays

11:00am|Zuanich Point Park

Show & Shine

11:00am|BelleWood Acres

Hot Ticket

11:00am|North Fork Library

Public Sail

12:00pm|Cap Sante Marina

The Nandia Trilogy

1:00pm|Barnes & Noble

Craftapalooza

1:00pm|Point Roberts Library

Concrete Saturday Market

1:00pm|Concrete Community Center

Field Games

1:00pm|VanderYacht Park

Wren and Della

1:00pm|Blaine Library

Lynden Cemetery Tour

1:00pm|Lynden Cemetery

State Street History Tour

1:30pm|Depot Market Square

The Secret Garden

3:00pm|Mount Baker Theatre

Ferndale Uncorked and Uncapped

3:00pm|Centennial Riverwalk Park

Nooksack River Walk

3:00pm|Horseshoe Bend Trailhead

Whatcom Democrats Country Picnic

4:00pm|Hovander Homestead Park

Seafood Boil

5:30pm|Semiahmoo Resort

Seafood Boil

5:30pm|Semiahmoo Resort

Feast and Frolic

5:30pm|Viva Farms

Saturday Seafood Boil

5:30pm|Semiahmoo Resort

Music at Maritime

6:00pm|Maritime Heritage Park

Austin Jenckes

7:00pm|Eagle Haven Winery

Bellingham Youth Jazz Band

7:00pm|Bellingham Senior Activity Center

Sin & Gin Tours

7:00pm|Downtown Bellingham, historic Fairhaven

Nelson Mandela Tribute Concert

7:30pm|Bellingham Unitarian Fellowship

Bebel Gilberto

7:30pm| Lincoln Theatre

Gerrymandering Update

7:30pm|Island Library

Village Books
Tomorrow
Boating Center Open

10:00am|Community Boating Center

Skagit Tours

10:00am|Highway 20

Bard on the Beach

12:00pm|Vanier Park

Skagit Tours

10:00am|Highway 20

Summer of Blood

7:00pm|Rexville Grange Amphitheater

Skagit Tours

10:00am|Highway 20

NW Art Beat Studio Tour

10:00am|Skagit County

Sin & Gin Tours

7:00pm|Downtown Bellingham, historic Fairhaven

Rabbit Ride

8:00am|Fairhaven Bicycle

Vietnam Veterans Car Show

10:00am|Barkley Village

Edison Farmers Market

10:00am|Edison Granary

Skagit Tours

10:00am|Highway 20

Langar in Lynden

11:00am|Guru Nanak Gursikh Gurdwara

La Conner Live!

1:00pm|Gilkey Square

Skulls and Skins

1:00pm|Tennant Lake

Mosaic Stepping Stone Workshop

1:00pm|Chuckanut Center

Audubon at the Museum

1:30pm|Whatcom Museum's Old City Hall

Fiddlin' Fox Summer Concerts

2:00pm|Fairhaven Village Green

Trivia Time

3:30pm|Boundary Bay Brewery

Trivia Time

3:30pm|Boundary Bay Brewery

2018 Cascadia Kids Trove Web
Monday
Skagit Tours

10:00am|Highway 20

Boating Center Open

10:00am|Community Boating Center

Bard on the Beach

12:00pm|Vanier Park

Skagit Tours

10:00am|Highway 20

Skagit Tours

10:00am|Highway 20

Skagit Tours

10:00am|Highway 20

Skagit Tours

10:00am|Highway 20

Rainbow Reads

12:00pm|Ferndale Library

Plant Diagnostic Clinics

5:00pm|Bellingham Public Library

Paddling Whatcom County

6:00pm|REI

Cuban Salsa

6:00pm|Bell Tower Studios

Books on Tap Two

6:30pm|Tino's Pizza & Pasta Co.

Guffawingham

9:00pm|Firefly Lounge

see our complete calendar »

Trove Web Cascadia Weekly Subscribe Ad 1 2018 Cascadia Kids Village Books